Bill Mounce

For an Informed Love of God

πικραίνω

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Forms of the word
Dictionary: 
πικραίνω
Greek transliteration: 
pikrainō
Simplified transliteration: 
pikraino
Principal Parts: 
πικρανῶ, ἐπίκρανα, -, -, ἐπικράνθην
Numbers
Strong's number: 
4087
GK Number: 
4393
Statistics
Frequency in New Testament: 
4
Morphology of Biblical Greek Tag: 
v-2d(4)
Gloss: 
to turn sour, make bitter; to become sour, embittered
Definition: 
to embitter, render bitter, Rev. 10:9; pass. to be embittered, be made bitter, Rev. 8:11; 10:10; met. pass. to be embittered, to grow angry, harsh, Col. 3:19*

Greek-English Concordance for

Colossians 3:19 Husbands, love your wives and do (pikrainesthe | πικραίνεσθε | pres pass imperative 2 pl) not become bitter (pikrainesthe | πικραίνεσθε | pres pass imperative 2 pl) toward them.
Revelation 8:11 The name of the star is Wormwood. A third of the waters became wormwood, and many people died from the waters because they had been made bitter (epikranthēsan | ἐπικράνθησαν | aor pass ind 3 pl).
Revelation 10:9 So I went to the angel and told him to give me the little scroll. And he said to me, “Take it and eat it; it will make (pikranei | πικρανεῖ | fut act ind 3 sg) your stomach bitter (pikranei | πικρανεῖ | fut act ind 3 sg), but in your mouth it will be sweet as honey.”
Revelation 10:10 So I took the little scroll from the hand of the angel and ate it. In my mouth it was as sweet as honey, but when I had eaten it, my stomach became bitter (epikranthē | ἐπικράνθη | aor pass ind 3 sg).