Bill Mounce

For an Informed Love of God

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ἀδελφός

ἀδελφός means “brother.”

“Whoever does the will of my Father is my ἀδελφός and sister and mother” (Matt 12:50).

Noun: ἀδελφός (adelphos), GK G81 (S G80) 343x. adelphos (“brother”) has a wide range of uses in the NT; a closely related word (adelphē) means “sister.” It denotes first of all a sibling from the same parents (Mt. 1:2, 11; 4:18, 21). adelphos can also refer to a fellow member or an associate of a person such as one who shares a belief system (Mt. 12:50). Since both men and women were involved in the early church, we should usually understand the plural of adelphos as “brothers and sisters.” adelphos can also indicate a person’s ethnic relationship, and is sometimes used in the simple sense of neighbor (Mt. 5:22).

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The dictionary entry is from my book, Mounce’s Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words, which can be purchased in print ( Amazon | ChristianBook.com ) and electronic ( Logos | Accordance | Olive Tree ) form.