Bill Mounce

For an Informed Love of God

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Bible Study Greek

Welcome to our Bible Study Greek class. For more information, see our landing page. All the free resources teachers and students will need are listed in the Orientation lesson below.

We are hard at work on the third edition of Greek for the Rest of Us, due out in 2023. The biggest changes are a significant reordering of the chapters, adding vocabulary, and really great homework. If you are using the second edition of the textbook or the videos, we strongly recommend that you attend this online class for the third edition. All development has ceased on the class for the second edition, and all vocabulary and homework has been shifted to this online class. You will find that with the new order of classes and the homework, you will be able to learn and use Bible Greek much more effectively. You will only be able to access the new videos if you have purchased the current videos.

Progress

I just finished entering all the vocabulary, and have just a few more vocab videos to do. Posted the exercises, but please, these are a rough draft and Bill is working through the summer to make these as good as possible (March 9).

Lesson Completed
Orientation

Here are all the resources you will need for Bible Study Greek, both free resources and those you will need to purchase.

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1. The Greek Language

Bill will set Biblical Greek in its historical position and, incidently, show that English does not come from Latin.

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2. Alphabet & Transliteration

The natural starting point is the Greek alphabet. Transliteration is the process of representing a Greek word with the English alphabet. Most books refer to Greek words with their transliteration.

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3. Pronunciation

The next step is to learn to pronounce words. It also helps to remove any initial fears you might have at learning Greek; it’s not that hard.

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Let's Practice Reading

This chapter will help you practice your reading of Greek. There is no corresponding class in the textbook.

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4. English Nouns

After the alphabet, inflection is what makes Greek the most different from English and hard for us to understand. Inflection just means that words change their form because of differences in meaning and function, much like the same pronoun can be “he” (masculine), “she” (feminine), or “they” (plural). In this chapter we will focus on the inflection of English nouns.

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5. Greek Nouns

Now that you know how inflection functiions in the English noun system, in this chapter we will focus on the inflection of Greek nouns.

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6. Prepositions

Prepositions are those little words that specify the relationship between two nouns. “The book is under the table.” “The words went through her heart.” What is different about Greek prepositions is that they control the case of their object.

Prepositions are covered in Chapter 13 in the second edition of Greek for the Rest of Us.

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7. English Verbs

Now that we have a handle on noun inflection, it is time to turn to verbs, starting with English verbs.

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8. Greek Verbs (Indicative)

Now let‘s learn how the Greek verb inflects. In this chapter we will focus on the indicative mood.

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9. Greek Verbs (Nonindicative)

Now that you understand Greek inflection in the indicative, let‘s learn the other moods. We will also take a look at the middle voice.

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10. Word Studies

The basics of how you do Greek word studies. When you done with this chapter, you will never have to do English word studies again!

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11. Modifiers

Modifiers are ways we have of clarifying the meaning of a word. In exegesis it is important to see what is the main thought and what clarifies that thought. The more common modifiers are the article “the,” adjectives, prepositional phrases, and relative clauses.

In the second edition of Greek for the Rest of Us, this material was covered in chapters 13, 23, and 24.

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12. Phrases & Clauses

As we continue to get ready for our exegetical method for Bible study, “Phrasing,” recognizing dependent constructions like phrases and clauses is paramount.

In the second edition of Greek for the Rest of us, this was chapter 25.

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13. Pronouns

Pronouns are words that replace nouns, like "she" and "them." We will start with English personal pronouns and then move to Greek. Personal pronouns can convey more meaning in Greek than in English, and phrasing insists that you connect the pronoun to its antecedent.

In the second edition of Greek for the Rest of Us, this material was covered in chapters 12 and 22.

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14. Phrasing 101

Phrasing is one of, if not the most, amazing tool you will ever develop for your Bible study. It lays the passage out graphically and forces you to decide what are the main thoughts and how the other statements modify those main statements. We start by looking at 1 Peter 1:1–5 in the textbook, and 1 Timothy 2:1–7 in the screencast.

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15. Cases: Nominative, Vocative, Accusative

Cases are much more flexible than you might assume from your studies so far. They are used in many situations other than what we have discussed.

In the second edition of Greek for the Rest of Us, this material is covered in chapters 11 and 27. Our discussion of cases is split between this chapter (nominative and accusative) and the next chapter (dative and genitive).

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16. Cases: Dative and Genitive

In the last chapter we looks at the nominative (and vocative) and accusative cases. In this chapter we will look at the remaining two cases, the dative and the genitive.

In the second edition of Greek for the Rest of Us, this material is covered in chapters 11 and 27.

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17. Conjunctions

Conjunctions are actually more important than you may think since they show the flow of the author's thought. Knowing conjunctions is especially important in phrasing.

In the second edition of Greek for the Rest of Us, this material was in chapter 20.

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18. Phrasing 102

Now that we have a basic understanding of phrasing, it is time to use your reverse interlinear to make the phrasing a little better. In the textbook I discuss Jude, but here we will look at sections from Titus.

In the second edition of Greek for the Rest of Us, this material was in chapter 21.

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19. Verbal Aspect

This most important distinction between time and aspect is central to the meaning of verbs in Greek. It is the hardest thing there is to learn in this class, so let's hit it head on and learn.

In the second edition of Greek for the Rest of Us, this material was in chapter 15.

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20. Verbs (Tense)

It is time to get deeper into the five tenses in the indicative mood and the variations possible within each one, and also look at issues of voice. Like cases, tenses in Greek are more flexible than in English, and aspect plays a greater role than time.

In the second edition of Greek for the Rest of Us, this material was in chapters 16, 17, and 28.

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21. Phrasing 103

Now it is time to venture in Greek phrasing. It is not as frightening as you might expect.

In the second edition of Greek for the Rest of Us, this material was in chapter 26.

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