Bill Mounce

For an Informed Love of God

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Bible Study Greek

Welcome to our Bible Study Greek class. For more information, see our landing page. All the free resources teachers and students will need are listed in the Orientation lesson below.

We are hard at work on the third edition of Greek for the Rest of Us, due out in 2023. The biggest changes are a significant reordering of the chapters, adding vocabulary, and really great homework. If you are using the second edition of the textbook or the videos, we strongly recommend that you attend this online class for the third edition. All development has ceased on the class for the second edition, and all vocabulary and homework has been shifted to this online class. You will find that with the new order of classes and the homework, you will be able to learn and use Bible Greek much more effectively.

Lesson Completed

Here are all the resources you will need for Bible Study Greek, both free resources and those you will need to purchase.

1. The Greek Language

Bill will set Biblical Greek in its historical position and, incidently, show that English does not come from Latin.

2. Alphabet & Transliteration

The natural starting point is the Greek alphabet. Transliteration is the process of representing a Greek word with the English alphabet. Most books refer to Greek words with their transliteration.

3. Pronunciation

The next step is to learn to pronounce words. It also helps to remove any initial fears you might have at learning Greek; it’s not that hard.

4. English Noun Inflection

In this chapter we are introduced to the concept of inflection, and specifically that of noun inflection.

Let's Practice Reading

This chapter will help you practice your reading of Greek. There is no corresponding class in the textbook.

5. Greek Noun Inflection

After the alphabet, inflection is what makes Greek the most different from English and hard for us to understand. Inflection just means that words change their form because of differences in meaning and function much like the same pronoun can be “he” (masculine), “she” (feminine), or “they” (plural).

6. Prepositions

Prepositions are those little words that specify the relationship between two nouns. “The book is under the table.” “The words went through her heart.” What is different about Greek prepositions is that they control the case of their object.

7. English Verb Inflection

Now that we have a handle on noun inflection, it is time to turn to verbs, starting with English verbs.

8. Greek Verbs (Indicative)

Now let‘s learn how the Greek verb inflects. In this chapter we will focus on the indicative mood.

9. Greek Verbs (Nonindicative)

Now that you understand Greek inflection in the indicative, let‘s learn the other moods. We will also take a look at the middle voice.

10. Word Studies

The basics of how you do Greek word studies. When you done with this chapter, you will never have to do English word studies again!

12. Phrases & Clauses

As we continue to perfect our exegetical method for Bible study, recognizing dependent constructions like phrases and clauses is paramount.

13. Pronouns

Pronouns are words that replace nouns, like "she" and "them." We will start with English personal pronouns and then move to Greek. In the upcoming third edition, this chapter is being combined with chapter 22, and the exercises cover both chapters.

Personal pronouns can convey more meaning in Greek than in English, and phrasing insists that you connect the pronoun to its antecedent. In the upcoming third edition, this chapter is being combined with chapter 12, and the exercises are in that chapter.

14. Phrasing 101

Phrasing is one of, if not the most, amazing tool you will ever develop for your Bible study. It lays the passage out graphically and forces you to decide what are the main thoughts and how the other statements modify those main statements. We start by looking at 1 Peter 1:1–5 in the textbook, and 1 Timothy 2:1–7 is the screencast.

16. Cases: Dative and Genitive

Cases are much more flexible than you might assume from your studies so far. They are used in many situations other than what we have discussed. In the upcoming third edition, chapter 11 is being combined with chapter 27, and the exercises cover both chapters.

17. Conjunctions

Conjunctions are actually more important than you may think since they show the flow of the author's thought. Knowing conjunctions is especially important in phrasing.

18. Phrasing 102

Now that we have a basic understanding of phrasing, it is time to use your reverse interlinear to make the phrasing a little better. In the book I discuss Jude, but here we will look at sections from Titus.

19. Verbal Aspect

This most important distinction between time and aspect is central to the meaning of verbs in Greek. It is the hardest thing there is to learn in this class, so let's hit it head on and learn.

20. Verbs (Tense)

It is time to get deeper into the voice system, especially the middle voice. We will also cover transitive and intransitive verbs.

Learning the five tenses in the indicative mood and the variations possible within each one.

Like cases, tenses in Greek are more flexible than in English, and aspect plays a greater role than time.

21. Phrasing 103

Now it is time to venture in Greek phrasing. It is not as frightening as you might expect.

22. Verbs (Moods)

In this chapter we will look at the nonindicative moods (subjunctive, imperative) as well as the infinitive.

Now that we are outside of the indicative, we can really see Greek aspect at work.

23. Participles

Participles are "-ing" words that can function adjectivally and adverbially, the latter being especially flexible in meaning and accounting for many of the common differences among translations.