Bill Mounce

For an Informed Love of God

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Sunday, September 27, 2015

The Vanilla δέ (Matt 28:16)

The final sequence of events in Matthew 28 raises an interesting question about the δέ in v 16.

The angel told Mary and Mary to tell the disciples that they should go to Galilee to see the risen Jesus 9 (v 7), a command repeated by Jesus in v 10.

“While they were on their way” (Πορευομένων), Matthew tells us about the priests’ bribing the soldiers.

V 16 concludes, “So (δέ) the eleven disciples went to Galilee to the mountain where Jesus had told them to go.” The question is, how do you translate the δέ?

1. If Matthew is making the point that the disciples obeyed the angel and Jesus, δέ can be translated as “so” (NET).

2. If δέ is a continuation of the temporal participle πορευομένων, it can be translated “then” (NIV, NLT, KJV).

3. If the disciples’ behavior is in contrast to that of the priests, then δέ is translated as “but” (NASB). This possibly is why the NJB uses “meanwhile.”

4. HCSB just sees it as a paragraph marker and omits any specific translation (also TEV).

5. “Now” sidesteps the question (ESV, NRSV).

Pretty fascinating. δέ is so vanilla in meaning that context must determine its precise meaning.