Bill Mounce

For an Informed Love of God


ἄνθρωπος means “man; person, human being; people, mankind.”

“There is one mediator between God and mankind; an ἄνθρωπος, Christ Jesus” (1 Tim 2:5).

“An ἄνθρωπος does not live on bread alone” (Matt 4:4).

“There is one mediator between God and ἄνθρωπος; a man, Christ Jesus” (1 Timothy 2:5).

Mounce's Expository Dictionary (abridged): 

Noun: ἄνθρωπος (anthrōpos), GK G476 (S G444), 550x. ἄνθρωπος means “man, human being, mankind.” ἄνθρωπος is significantly different from God, as in Mk. 10:27, “With man this is impossible, but not with God; all things are possible with God” (cf. Mk. 10:9; Jn. 10:33; Acts 5:29). ἄνθρωπος is also distinct from angels (1 Cor. 4:9; 13:1) and animals (Mt. 12:12; 1 Cor. 15:39). Although ἄνθρωπος is grammatically masculine, it often refers to humanity collectively, including both men and women (e.g., Rom. 3:5; 1 Cor. 3:3; 9:8; 15:32; Gal. 1:11; 3:15; 1 Pet. 4:6). Nevertheless, ἄνθρωπος may also refer to a specific individual, and in each instance the person is male: Matthew (Mt. 9:9), John the Baptist (11:8), Judas (Mt. 26:24), Nicodemus (Jn. 3:1), Stephen (Acts 6:13), and Adam (Rom. 5:12, 19).