Bill Mounce

For an Informed Love of God

ἐπί (ἐπ᾽, ἐφ᾽)

Vocabulary form: 

gen: on, when
dat: on the basis of, at
acc: on, to, against 


The epidermis (ejpidermivV) is the outer layer of skin, "that which is on the skin."

Mnemonic Singing: 

When darkness veils His lovely face,
I rest on His unchanging grace.


When ejpiv is followed by a word beginning with a vowel and smooth breathing, the iota elides (ejp=). If the following word begins with a rough breathing, the iota elides and the pi aspirates to a phi (ejf=).


epi as in you should know when to use an epi-pen

Biblical Concordance

Matthew 1:11 Josiah was the father of Jechoniah and his brothers at (epi | ἐπί | prep-gen) the time of the deportation to Babylon.
Matthew 3:7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming for (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) baptism, he said to them, “You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?
Matthew 3:13 Then Jesus came from Galilee to John at (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) the Jordan river to be baptized by him.
Matthew 3:16 And when Jesus was baptized, just as he was coming up from the water, the heavens were opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and lighting on (ep | ἐπ᾿ | prep-acc) him.
Matthew 4:4 But he replied, “Man does not live on (ep | ἐπ᾿ | prep-dat) bread alone, but on (epi | ἐπί | prep-dat) every word that comes from the mouth of God.”
Matthew 4:5 Then the devil took him into the holy city, placed him on (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) the pinnacle of the temple,
Matthew 4:6 and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down, for it stands written: ‘He will command his angels concerning you,’ and, ‘on (epi | ἐπί | prep-gen) their hands they will hold you up, lest you strike your foot against a stone.’”
Matthew 5:15 Nor do people light a lamp and put it under the meal-tub, but on (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) a stand, and it gives light to all in the house.
Matthew 5:23 Therefore if you are bringing your gift to (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you,
Matthew 5:45 so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven, for he makes his sun rise on (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) the evil and on (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) the good, and sends rain on (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) the just and on (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) the unjust.
Matthew 6:10 may your kingdom come, may your will be done, on (epi | ἐπί | prep-gen) earth as it is in heaven.
Matthew 6:19 “Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on (epi | ἐπί | prep-gen) earth, where moth and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal;
Matthew 6:27 And which of you by being anxious can add a single cubit to (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) his height?
Matthew 7:24 “Therefore everyone who hears these words of mine, and does them, is like the wise man, who built his house upon (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) rock.
Matthew 7:25 When the rain came down, and the waters rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house, it did not collapse because it had been founded on (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) rock.
Matthew 7:26 But everyone who hears these words of mine, and does not do them, will be like the foolish man who built his house on (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) sand.
Matthew 7:28 Now when Jesus had finished these words, the crowds were amazed at (epi | ἐπί | prep-dat) his teaching,
Matthew 9:2 And some people brought to him a paralyzed man lying on (epi | ἐπί | prep-gen) a stretcher. When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, “Take courage, my son; your sins are forgiven.”
Matthew 9:6 But so you may know that the Son of Man has authority on (epi | ἐπί | prep-gen) the earth to forgive sins” — he then said to the paralytic, “Get up, pick up your stretcher, and go to your home.”
Matthew 9:9 As Jesus went on from there, he saw a man named Matthew sitting at (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) the tax booth, and he said to him, “Follow me.” So Matthew got up and followed him.
Matthew 9:15 And Jesus said to them, “Certainly the wedding guests can’t mourn as long as (eph | ἐφ᾿ | prep-acc) the bridegroom is still with them? The days will come when the bridegroom is taken away and then they will fast!
Matthew 9:16 No one sews a piece of unshrunk cloth on (epi | ἐπί | prep-dat) an old garment, because the patch will pull away from the garment, and the tear will be worse.
Matthew 9:18 As he was saying these things a ruler came and bowed down before him, saying, “My daughter has just died; but come, lay your hand on (ep | ἐπ᾿ | prep-acc) her and she will live again.”
Matthew 10:13 If the household is worthy, let your greeting of peace come upon (ep | ἐπ᾿ | prep-acc) it; but if it is not worthy, let your peace return to you.
Matthew 10:18 and you will be brought before (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) governors and kings for my sake, as a testimony to them and to the Gentiles.
Matthew 10:21 “Brother will hand over brother to death, and a father his child, and children will rise up against (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) parents and have them put to death.
Matthew 10:27 What I say to you in the darkness, speak in the light; and what you hear whispered, proclaim from (epi | ἐπί | prep-gen) the housetops.
Matthew 10:29 Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? Yet not one of them will fall to (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) the ground apart from your Father.
Matthew 10:34 “Do not think that I have come to bring peace to (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword.
Matthew 11:29 Take my yoke upon (eph | ἐφ᾿ | prep-acc) you and learn from me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.
Matthew 12:18 “Here is my servant whom I have chosen, my beloved with whom my soul is well pleased. I will put my Spirit upon (ep | ἐπ᾿ | prep-acc) him, and he will proclaim justice to the nations.
Matthew 12:26 So if Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against (eph | ἐφ᾿ | prep-acc) himself; how then will his kingdom stand?
Matthew 12:28 But if I cast out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon (eph | ἐφ᾿ | prep-acc) you.
Matthew 12:49 And stretching out his hand toward (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) his disciples, he said, “Look, here are my mother and my brothers!
Matthew 13:2 And great crowds gathered around him so that he got into a boat and sat down, and all the crowd stood on (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) the beach.
Matthew 13:5 Other seed fell on (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) rocky places, where it did not have much soil; and immediately it sprouted because it had no depth of soil.
Matthew 13:7 Other seed fell among (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked it.
Matthew 13:8 Other seed fell on (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) good soil and produced grain, some a hundredfold, some sixty, and some thirty.
Matthew 13:20 As for the one who was sown on (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) rocky places, this is the one who hears the message and immediately receives it with joy;
Matthew 13:23 As for the one who was sown on (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) good soil, this is the one who hears the message and understands it, who indeed bears fruit and produces, some a hundredfold, some sixty, and some thirty.”
Matthew 13:48 and when it was full, they pulled it up onto (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) the shore; and they sat down and put the good fish into baskets, but the bad they threw away.
Matthew 14:8 Prompted by her mother, she said, “Give me the head of John the Baptist here on (epi | ἐπί | prep-dat) a platter.”
Matthew 14:11 And his head was brought on (epi | ἐπί | prep-dat) a platter and given to the girl, and she brought it to her mother.
Matthew 14:14 And when he came ashore, he saw a great crowd; and he had compassion on (ep | ἐπ᾿ | prep-dat) them and healed their sick.
Matthew 14:19 Then he ordered the crowds to sit down on (epi | ἐπί | prep-gen) the grass, and taking the five loaves and the two fish, he looked up to heaven, said a blessing, and broke the loaves. He gave the loaves to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds.
Matthew 14:25 And in the fourth watch of the night he came to them, walking on (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) the sea.
Matthew 14:26 When the disciples saw him walking on (epi | ἐπί | prep-gen) the sea, they were frightened and said, “It is a ghost!” And they cried out in fear.
Matthew 14:28 And Peter answered him, saying, “Lord, if it is you, tell me to come to you on (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) the water.”
Matthew 14:29 And he said, “Come!” So Peter got out of the boat, stepped out on (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) the water and headed toward Jesus.
Matthew 14:34 And when they had crossed over, they came to (epi | ἐπί | prep-acc) land at Gennesaret.