Bill Mounce

For an Informed Love of God

πειράζω

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Forms of the word
Dictionary: 
πειράζω
Greek transliteration: 
peirazō
Simplified transliteration: 
peirazo
Principal Parts: 
(ἐπείραζον), πειράσω, ἐπείρασα, -, πεπείρασμαι, ἐπειράσθην
Numbers
Strong's number: 
3985
GK Number: 
4279
Statistics
Frequency in New Testament: 
38
Morphology of Biblical Greek Tag: 
v-2a(1)
Gloss: 

to test, tempt; to try to trap; to examine (oneself)

Definition: 

to test, tempt; to try to trap; to examine (oneself). The difference between a test and a temptation is found in the tester's motivations and expectations; the devil tempts that the believer might fail God's standards of faith and so sin; God tests that he might determine and sharpen true character, with no focus on making the believer fail.

to make proof, or trial of, put to the proof, whether with good or mischievous intent, Mt. 16:1; 22:35; absol. to attempt, Acts 16:7; 24:6; in NT to tempt, Mt. 4:1; to try, subject to trial, 1 Cor. 10:13

Greek-English Concordance for

Matthew 4:1 Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted (peirasthēnai | πειρασθῆναι | aor pass inf ) by the devil.
Matthew 4:3 And the tempter (peirazōn | πειράζων | pres act ptcp nom sg masc) came to him and said, “If you are the Son of God, command these stones to become bread.”
Matthew 16:1 Now when the Pharisees and Sadducees came to test (peirazontes | πειράζοντες | pres act ptcp nom pl masc) Jesus, they asked him to show them a sign from heaven.
Matthew 19:3 Some Pharisees came to him and tested (peirazontes | πειράζοντες | pres act ptcp nom pl masc) him by asking, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any cause?”
Matthew 22:18 But Jesus, perceiving their evil intent, said, “Why are (peirazete | πειράζετε | pres act ind 2 pl) you (peirazete | πειράζετε | pres act ind 2 pl) testing (peirazete | πειράζετε | pres act ind 2 pl) me, you hypocrites?
Matthew 22:35 and one of them, an expert in the law, wanted to test (peirazōn | πειράζων | pres act ptcp nom sg masc) him, and asked,
Mark 1:13 and he was in the wilderness for forty days, being tempted (peirazomenos | πειραζόμενος | pres pass ptcp nom sg masc) by Satan. He was there with the wild beasts, and the angels were ministering to him.
Mark 8:11 The Pharisees came and began to argue with him, seeking from him a sign from heaven, testing (peirazontes | πειράζοντες | pres act ptcp nom pl masc) him.
Mark 10:2 And Pharisees came up and asked him if it was lawful for a man to divorce his wife, in order to test (peirazontes | πειράζοντες | pres act ptcp nom pl masc) him.
Mark 12:15 But knowing their hypocrisy, he said to them, “Why do (peirazete | πειράζετε | pres act ind 2 pl) you (peirazete | πειράζετε | pres act ind 2 pl) test (peirazete | πειράζετε | pres act ind 2 pl) me? Bring me a denarius and let me look at it.”
Luke 4:2 for forty days, being tempted (peirazomenos | πειραζόμενος | pres pass ptcp nom sg masc) by the devil. And he ate nothing during those days, so when they were completed he was hungry.
Luke 11:16 Others, to test (peirazontes | πειράζοντες | pres act ptcp nom pl masc) him, kept demanding from him a sign from heaven.
John 6:6 He said this to test (peirazōn | πειράζων | pres act ptcp nom sg masc) him, because he himself knew what he was about to do.
John 8:6 (They said this as a trap (peirazontes | πειράζοντες | pres act ptcp nom pl masc), so they could have some basis for accusing him.) Jesus bent down and started writing on the ground with his finger.
Acts 5:9 And Peter said to her, “Why is it that you agreed together to test (peirasai | πειράσαι | aor act inf ) the Spirit of the Lord? Look! The feet of those who buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out.”
Acts 9:26 When he came to Jerusalem, he attempted (epeirazen | ἐπείραζεν | imperf act ind 3 sg) to join the disciples; but they were all afraid of him, not believing that he was a disciple.
Acts 15:10 So now why are you testing (peirazete | πειράζετε | pres act ind 2 pl) God by putting a yoke on the neck of the disciples, which neither our ancestors nor we have been able to bear?
Acts 16:7 And when they came to Mysia, they tried (epeirazon | ἐπείραζον | imperf act ind 3 pl) to go into Bithynia, but the Spirit of Jesus did not allow them,
Acts 24:6 He even tried (epeirasen | ἐπείρασεν | aor act ind 3 sg) to desecrate the temple, so we laid hold of him.
1 Corinthians 7:5 Do not deprive one another, except perhaps by agreement for a set time, so that you may devote yourselves to prayer; then come together again, so that Satan may (peirazē | πειράζῃ | pres act subj 3 sg) not tempt (peirazē | πειράζῃ | pres act subj 3 sg) you because of your lack of self-control.
1 Corinthians 10:9 And let us not put Christ to the test, as some of them did (epeirasan | ἐπείρασαν | aor act ind 3 pl), and were destroyed by serpents.
1 Corinthians 10:13 No trial has overtaken you that is not distinctively human; and God is faithful; he will not let you be tested (peirasthēnai | πειρασθῆναι | aor pass inf ) beyond what you can bear, but with the trial will also provide the way through, so that you will be able to endure it.
2 Corinthians 13:5 Examine (peirazete | πειράζετε | pres act imperative 2 pl) yourselves to see if you are in the faith. Test yourselves. Or do you not realize about yourselves, that Jesus Christ is in you? — unless, of course, you fail the test!
Galatians 6:1 My brothers, if someone is detected in some wrongdoing, you who are spiritual should restore that one in a spirit of gentleness, taking care lest you yourself be tempted (peirasthēs | πειρασθῇς | aor pass subj 2 sg).
1 Thessalonians 3:5 So because I could bear it no longer, I sent to find out about your faith; for fear that somehow the tempter (peirazōn | πειράζων | pres act ptcp nom sg masc) had tempted (epeirasen | ἐπείρασεν | aor act ind 3 sg) you and our labor had been in vain.
Hebrews 2:18 For because he himself suffered when tempted (peirastheis | πειρασθείς | aor pass ptcp nom sg masc), he is able to come to the aid of those who are being tempted (peirazomenois | πειραζομένοις | pres pass ptcp dat pl masc).
Hebrews 3:9 where your fathers put (epeirasan | ἐπείρασαν | aor act ind 3 pl) me to the test through their distrust, though they had seen my works
Hebrews 4:15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to feel our weaknesses, but one who has been tempted (pepeirasmenon | πεπειρασμένον | perf pass ptcp acc sg masc) in every way just as we are — yet without sin.
Hebrews 11:17 By faith Abraham, when (peirazomenos | πειραζόμενος | pres pass ptcp nom sg masc) he (peirazomenos | πειραζόμενος | pres pass ptcp nom sg masc) was (peirazomenos | πειραζόμενος | pres pass ptcp nom sg masc) being (peirazomenos | πειραζόμενος | pres pass ptcp nom sg masc) tested (peirazomenos | πειραζόμενος | pres pass ptcp nom sg masc), offered up Isaac; yes, he who had received the promises was offering his only son,
James 1:13 No one when tempted (peirazomenos | πειραζόμενος | pres pass ptcp nom sg masc) should say, “I (peirazomai | πειράζομαι | pres pass ind 1 sg) am (peirazomai | πειράζομαι | pres pass ind 1 sg) being (peirazomai | πειράζομαι | pres pass ind 1 sg) tempted (peirazomai | πειράζομαι | pres pass ind 1 sg) by God”; for God cannot be tempted to do evil, and he himself tempts (peirazei | πειράζει | pres act ind 3 sg) no one else.
James 1:14 But each person is tempted (peirazetai | πειράζεται | pres pass ind 3 sg) when by his own desire he is lured away and enticed.
Revelation 2:2 I know your works, your toil and your patient endurance, and that you cannot put up with those who are evil, but have tested (epeirasas | ἐπείρασας | aor act ind 2 sg) those who call themselves apostles (but are not) and found them to be false.
Revelation 2:10 Do not fear what you are about to suffer. The devil is about to throw some of you into prison so that you may be tested (peirasthēte | πειρασθῆτε | aor pass subj 2 pl), and you will have affliction for ten days. Be faithful until death, and I will give you the crown of life.
Revelation 3:10 Because you have kept my word about patient endurance, I also will keep you from the hour of testing that is coming upon the whole world to test (peirasai | πειράσαι | aor act inf ) those who live on the earth.