For an Informed Love of God
Wiki for Chapter 3
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1. ς, ζ, and ξ can be confusing to differentiate. A helpful mnemonic is to think of these letters as progressive "upgrades" in the number of swirls that each has. The ς has no swirls because it's a 'soft' "s" sound (and ς looks like an 's'). The ζ is like the ς with an extra swirl on the top, since it's a 'hard' "z" sound. Finally, the ξ has two swirls because it's represented by a two-letter sound: "xs".
2. Some capital letters can be troublesome to remember. Think of capital eta ("Η") as a "Heta" (i.e., it's a "hater" because it won't conform to the conventions we're used to). Think of capital upsilon ("Υ") as standing for "You" (a homophone with upsilon's transliteration, "u"). Capital xi ("Ξ") looks like the symbol in math for an equivalence relationship, which holds the reflexive property.
3. ξ and ζ I remember letter ξ by thinking of a dachshund dog (pronounced as duxhund). It's a long dog so it signals me to choose the symbol with more curves (ξ) rather than the letter ζ with less curves.