Bill Mounce

For an Informed Love of God

Greek Word of the Day

οὗτος

οὗτος means “this (these).”

οὗτος is my Son, the Beloved, in whom I delight” (Matt 3:17).

Adjective οὗτος (houtos), GK G4047 (S 3778), 1,387x. Demonstrative pronoun meaning “this,” “this person” or “this thing” (Mt. 3:3, 9, 17; 8:9; 10:2; 24:34). It is frequently used by way of contempt, “this fellow” (Mt. 13:55; 27:47).

οὐδείς

οὐδείς means “no one (nothing).”

οὐδείς can serve two masters” (Matt 6:24).

Adjective: οὐδείς (oudeis), GK G4029 (S G3762), 227x. οὐδείς is the negated form of εἷς meaning “not one, no one, none, nothing” (Mt. 5:13; 6:24; 19:17).

ὅς

ὅς means “who (whom).”

I send my messenger ahead of you, ὅς will prepare your way” (Matt 11:10).

Pronoun: ὅς (hos), GK G4005 (S G3739), 1,407x. ὅς is the relative pronoun meaning “who, which, what, that.”

ἐκεῖνος

ἐκεῖνος means “that (those).”

“If a kingdom is divided against itself, ἐκεῖνος kingdom cannot stand.” (Mark 3:24).

Pronoun: ἐκεῖνος (ekeinos), G1697 (S 1565), 265x. ἐκεῖνος is the far demonstrative (adjective and pronoun) meaning “that, those” etc." It is in contrast to the near demonstrative, οὑτος (“this, these”).

εἷς

εἷς means “one.”

“They are no longer two but εἷς flesh” (Matt 19:6).

Adjective: εἱς (heis), GK G1651 (S G1520, G3391), 343x. εἱς is the cardinal number “one.” It can be used simply to count items, like one talent (Mt. 25:15). εἱς is occasionally also used like an ordinal number, as in “the first woe” (Rev. 9:12) and the common NT phrase “on the first day of the week” (Lk. 24:1; Jn. 20:1; Acts 20:7; 1 Cor. 16:2). Many of the NT uses of εἱς refer to the singularity of God—“one God” (Rom. 3:30; 1 Cor. 8:4, 6; Gal. 3:20; Eph. 4:6; 1 Tim. 2:5). εἱς can be used less like a numerical indicator and more like an indefinite pronoun or indefinite article. For example, Matthew uses εἱς to describe “a [certain] scribe” (Mt. 8:19) and “a man” (19:16 [NIV]).

ἐγώ (ἡμεῖς)

“ἐγώ (ἡμεῖς)” means “I (we).”

“ἐγώ say to you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you” (Matt 5:44).

Pronoun: ἐγώ (egō), and the plural ἡμεῖς (hēmeis), GK G1609 (S G1473), 2666x. egō means “I.” The most significant usage of this pronoun is in the expressions of Jesus that begin with “I am” (egō eimi). In Jn. 8:58, in response to the exclamation, “You are not yet fifty years old … and you have seen Abraham!” Jesus replies, “I tell you the truth … before Abraham was born, I am.” Through this statement Jesus links himself with Yahweh, the covenant God of the OT, who revealed himself as the great “I am” (Exod. 3:14b). Also, “I am the bread of life” (Jn. 6:35); “I am the light of the world” (8:12); “I am the gate” (10:7, 9); “I am the good shepherd” (10:11); “I am the resurrection and the life” (11:25); I am the way and the truth and the life” (14:6); and “I am the vine” (15:1).

ἑαυτοῦ

ἑαυτοῦ means “himself/herself/itself”

“Do not be anxious about tomorrow, for tomorrow will be anxious about ἑαυτοῦ” (Matt 6:34).

Pronoun: ἑαυτοῦ (heautou), GK G1571 (S G1438), 319x). ἑαυτοῦ is the reflexive pronoun, “himself, herself, itself” (Mt. 8:22; 12:26; 9:21). It is also used for the first and second persons (Rom. 8:23; Mt. 23:31) and can be equivalent to ἀλλήλων (Mk. 10:26; Jn. 12:19; ἀφ’ ἑαυτοῦ, ἀφ’ ἑαυτῶν, of himself, themselves”).

αὐτός

αὐτός means “he, she, it (they, them).”

“αὐτός will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire” (Matt 3:11).

Pronoun: αὐτός (autos), GK 899 (S G846, G847, G848), 5,597x. αὐτός is generally used as the third person pronoun (“he, she, it”), but also as the identical (“same”) and intensive (e.g., Jesus “himself”) pronouns.

πολύς

πολύς means “much, many; great, large.”

 

“The one who abides in me and I in him bears πολύς fruit” (John 15:5).

“The harvest is πολύς but the workers are few” (Matt 9:37).

Adjective: πολύς (polys), GK G4498 (S G4118, G4119, G4183), 416x. πολύς is used to designate a large quantity (“many”) or size (“great/large”). In addition, over 50x it is used either as a comparative (“someone greater than Jonah or Solomon,” Mt. 12:41–42) or a superlative (“most of his miracles,” 11:20). Also, sometimes πολύς is not so much making a comparison as it is describing a large number (“a very large crowd,” Mt. 21:8; cf. Mk. 4:1) or explaining a further progression of something (“avoid godless chatter because it will lead to more and more ungodliness,” 2 Tim. 2:16; cf. Acts 13:31; 24:4; 25:14; 2 Tim. 3:9).

πᾶς

πᾶς means “singular: each, every; plural: all.”

 

“God has blessed us with πᾶς spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ.” (Eph 1:3).

“God wishes πᾶς people to be saved and come into a knowledge of the truth” (1 Tim 2:4).

Adjective: πᾶς (pas) GK G4246 (S G3956), 1243x. πᾶς generally means “each, every” in the singular, and “all” in the plural where the emphasis is not so much on each individual within the group as on the group as a whole. For example, in 1 Cor. 15:22 Paul writes, “For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive.” However, πᾶς can mean “all” in the singular. Just before ascending to the Father after the resurrection, Jesus proclaimed, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me” (Mt. 28:18).

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